When a company is publicly traded, it has a set number of outstanding shares. This limits the number of potential investors, as there is only so much stock to go around. Additionally, it can, at times, hinder a company’s ability to bring in money. However, businesses do have the ability to practically create more shares out of thin air. With a stock split, they can increase the total number of shares available. The move can be financially beneficial, but it also comes with risk. If you are wondering, “Do stock splits make sense in 2020?” here’s what you need to know.
During the last month, the market and the economy have seen and done some weird things. Apple and Tesla announced stock splits, and the NASDAQ and the S&P 500 achieved record highs. All while COVID cases increase and the economy continues to suffer as a result.
What’s going on?
Apple (AAPL) and Tesla (TSLA) have seen some crazy increases in their stock prices over the last few months.
Since the beginning of the year, Apple is up about 67% and Tesla is up a whopping 390%. Tesla’s insane run-up is partially due to the influx of retail investors using online platforms, such as Robinhood.
I bring this up for two reasons:
- Incredible increases in stock prices, as we’ve seen with Tesla, can be dangerous. Warren Buffett illustrated it best when he said, “Only when the tide goes out do you discover who’s been swimming naked.” Insane run-ups in value attract more investors until the trade becomes crowded and unsustainable. Then people sell to capture their gains, and the stock price could fall as a result.
- Stock splits are not a “get rich quick” trade. I heard someone recently say, “buy Tesla now, before it splits, because once it splits, you’ll make 4x your money in an instant.” Tesla will undergo a 4 to 1 stock split. When Tesla’s stock splits, if you own one share at $2,000, you won’t have 4 shares at $2,000, you’ll have 4 shares at $500. Your total value does not change.
That said, here are the important things you need to know about stock splits:
- Boosting Liquidity: Stock splits divide a company’s existing stock into several shares in order to boost liquidity. Companies carry out stock splits in order to make more attractive share prices.
- Share Value: The shares’ total dollar value stays the same since the split doesn’t have real value. The most common splits include 2-for-1 and 3-for-1, in which a stockholder obtains two or three shares for every share.
- Reverse Stock Split: A reverse stock split allows a company to divide the number of shares to raise the market price. For instance, a 1-for-10 reverse stock split means that an investor gets one share for every 10 shares owned.
I knew asset allocation was one of the biggest factors determining investor success, but this year confirmed that.
So far, in 2020, we’ve seen the fastest bear market in history, when the S&P 500 fell 37% in 6 weeks. Followed by an unprecedented run that brought that same index to new record highs.
With appropriate asset allocation, depending on your age, time horizon, and risk, you were able to miss some of the downside and participate in some of the upside.
It’s important to ask the right questions to figure out what the best asset allocation is for you. By doing so, you can diversify your investment and avoid bankruptcy if one fails.
Take a look at the following benefits of asset allocation:
- Maximize Your ROI: Implementing the best asset allocation strategies can help you maximize your return of investment.
- Diversify Your Investment Portfolio: With asset allocation, you can provide a disciplined approach to investment diversification. A great asset allocation strategy helps reduce portfolio risk. Because various investments are affected by market factors and economic events, you can reduce the possibility of your portfolio from being adversely affected.
- Encourage Long-Term Investing: Control your investment portfolio’s long-term makeup with a good asset allocation strategy that won’t change depending on market fluctuations and economic conditions. Because market timing is challenging to implement, having an asset allocation strategy is a better approach. This depends on your risk tolerance and investment goals.
- Reduce Portfolio Risk: High-return investments come with higher risks and greater volatility. Asset allocation reduces the overall risk of your portfolio by combining more aggressive and less aggressive investments.
- Adjusting Portfolio’s Risk: Change your asset allocation to adjust your portfolio’s risk, which involves anticipating and adjusting to changes gradually.
I’m not going to lie, during the month of March and April, I was feeling pretty proud of myself. Yes, I was worried about the lives affected by COVID and the economic implication it could have, but I did a pretty good job of allocating client assets accordingly.
Even after the market bottomed and started to recover, I held the belief that ugly was just getting started. With everything that I listened to and read, it appeared that once the government stimulus ran out and bankruptcies started rolling in, things would get worse.
I still believe that, but I am making sure that I do research on the opposite view. I’m trying to do what Ray Dalio does so successfully. I’m trying to prove myself wrong.
Only finding sources that back up your thesis is called confirmation bias, and I’m trying to avoid that at all costs.
Make sure you are gathering information from a variety of sources. View both sides of the aisle. Keep your biases in check.
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